Active Directory

Is the directory service of part of the Windows operating system. It provides central authentication and authorization services for Windows-based computers and connects various network directories.

Identity and access management

Identity and access management or IAM deals with creating and managing digital identities for users so that they can identify themselves to a system and gain access to its services or tools.

Role-based access control

Is an access provisioning technique, where users get access according to their the role and job functions.

User provisioning

Is the process of creating, maintaining, and deleting user objects and attributes in the IT systems of an organization.

Workflow

Workflow is the sequence in which the processes involved in a task should execute.