Role-based access control

Is an access provisioning technique, where users get access according to their the role and job functions.

User provisioning templates

Are a predetermined set of common attributes/configurations used to create a common set of user accounts in any directory service, such as Active Directory. It is a mold to create user accounts and forms the basis for creating roles and role-based access management.

Workflow

Workflow is the sequence in which the processes involved in a task should execute.